What are somatic diseases?

In the field of general medical practice, those who suffer from mental disorders show a high level of somatic diseases.

In the therapeutic departments of hospitals, affective disorders and adaptation disorders are inherent in young women. Organic mental disorders are typical for the elderly. Somatic diseases associated with alcoholism occur in young men. For patients of therapeutic and gynecological polyclinics, psychological problems are typical.

Mental disorder complicates and slows down the recovery process. It is possible that somatic disease itself is more serious, in patients with marked psychopathological symptoms.

What links somatic diseases and mental disorders

  • Psychological reasons.
  • Mental disorders that manifest somatic symptoms.
  • Psychiatric consequences caused by somatic disease, manifested by organic and functional disorders.
  • Accidentally coinciding in time, mental and somatic disease.
  • Mental disorder complicates the somatic state. (For example: eating disorder, self-harm, alcohol abuse and other psychoactive substances).

Psychoemotional stress is accompanied by physiological changes in the human body. If it lasts too long or occurs very often, then it can lead to abnormal somatic disorders. Unfavorable psychological factors can consolidate and weight the disease, provoke relapses.

German psychoanalyst Franz Alexander, suggested that there are seven somatic diseases that are caused by mental disorders.

What affects the mental disorder

  • Bronchial asthma.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (nonspecific ulcerative colitis).
  • Essential arterial hypertension.
  • Neurodermatitis (skin diseases).
  • Thyrotoxicosis.
  • Peptic ulcer.

Unresolved emotional conflicts associated with subordination relationships, according to Alexander's assumption, are the cause of asthma. However, there is no conclusive evidence of this theory. But there is evidence that the emotions of fear, anger, excitement, provoke and complicate the attacks of an already existing disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with an anxious and depressed condition. Restrictions in work and rest, family troubles and problems in the sexual sphere, provoke and support the development of this disease.

Somatic causes of ulcerative colitis have not been identified, therefore, many experts agree with the psychological theory of Alexander. Clinical experience is proved, psychological stressors and social problems, cause this unpleasant disease.

When a person experiences short-term emotional stress, his blood pressure rises sharply. Long-term emotional stress - leads to a stable hypertension. In men, whose work is associated with great responsibility, blood pressure is increased.

It is assumed that many skin diseases can also be caused by psychological reasons. Such diseases include: neurodermatitis, urticaria, atopic dermatitis, lichen, psoriasis, eczema. People suffering, pronounced skin manifestations, of course, feel uncomfortable, self-doubt, which affects their social functioning.

Psychological problems affect the stomach. Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, are observed more often when people are exposed to strong effects of external adverse events, for example, during a war or natural disasters.

This is far from a complete list of somatic diseases associated with psychological problems. And there is no conclusive evidence that psychological factors can lead to the onset of a physical illness, but it is clearly proven that such factors aggravate the course of an already existing disease and can provoke a relapse.