Common sleep disorders

Insomnia - regular problems with falling asleep or inability to sleep the necessary time, or frequent awakening during sleep, which leads to the development of fatigue. It is more common in women and in elderly people of both sexes. Risk factors - stress, excessive consumption of coffee and alcohol. Genetics does not matter.

The cause of insomnia can be the very process of going to bed or waking up early and the inability to fall asleep again. Often carried out tests show that a person sleeps more than he thinks, but often wakes up. Insomnia causes people to suffer, can lead to the development of fatigue, loss of ability to keep the situation under control, which increases the risk of accidents.

Sleep disorders often occur when a person experiences something or worries about something. Excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol throughout the day can also lead to insomnia. Insomnia can cause some diseases, the symptoms of which appear at night: for example, asthma, hyperthyroidism (a disease associated with hormonal imbalance) and other sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea.

When developing insomnia, you should see a doctor. Particular attention should be paid to the presence in the patient of any somatic or neurotic disorder that can cause insomnia.

An important recommendation in the development of insomnia is lifestyle change, for example, increasing physical activity or refusing to take drinks containing caffeine. In rare cases, it may be advisable to take sleeping pills for several days to restore the usual sleep patterns, but long-term use of such medications should be avoided because of the risk of drug dependence.

Diazepam is a drug related to benzodiazepines, a class of drugs that cause drowsiness, muscle relaxation and anxiety relief. Although diazepam for insomnia can be effective for short periods of time, it can lead to the appearance of various adverse reactions. This drug is a habit-forming habit and can cause side effects such as daytime drowsiness or fatigue.

Also known under the trade name Valium, diazepam is often used to relieve anxiety and for short periods of time is effective in insomnia caused by anxiety. He can also help people who suffer from panic attacks. This drug is a muscle relaxant, and therefore, among other things, used to control muscle spasms or seizures. It can also be used to control agitation due to alcohol abstinence and the treatment of certain symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

The effectiveness of diazepam for insomnia, if used for a short time, is generally accepted.

However, when taken for long periods of time, it decreases. Patients who take diazepam for a long time may also develop resistance to this drug. This means that its impact becomes less noticeable for them.

Benzodiazepines, including diazepam, are addictive.

This means that people taking this drug can become dependent on it and face withdrawal syndrome when their use is discontinued. There is also a possible abuse of diazepam. And although it can be effective for insomnia, it is often used last, when other drugs for insomnia do not help. Diazepam contributes to the treatment of insomnia by changing the sleep regime in several ways. It increases the duration of sleep (although it can also cause drowsiness during the day), helps to fall asleep more quickly and reduces the number of nocturnal awakenings, contributing to a deeper and more peaceful sleep.

The most common side effects of diazepam are drowsiness and fatigue, which can occur even if a person gets enough sleep and rest at night, taking diazepam because of insomnia. This drug can also cause weakness and dizziness, and lead to changes in appetite, and nausea or diarrhea, which sometimes causes weight loss. More serious side effects of diazepam include seizures, shortness of breath or irregular heartbeats. If these side effects occur, seek medical attention immediately.

Diazepam can be used to treat alcohol abusers who undergo a period of recovery and suffer from anxiety, agitation or insomnia. However, it is addictive, so it is used only if other drugs are ineffective. In the first place, safer drugs are usually used.