Hypochondria in the usual, colloquial sense of the word is depressed and dreary attitude to life. But in the medical sense, the term "hypochondria" refers to diagnoses. It is exposed to patients who are not obsessed with the idea of having an incurable or very serious illness. This term is not referred to a disease as such, but to a symptom of mental disorders or personality traits.
In connection with the fact that hypochondria is very diverse in its manifestations and is not a separate mental illness in the full sense of the word, the exact cause of its formation is not revealed. Physiologists consider hypochondriacal thoughts as manifestations of such processes as:
In hypochondria, patients brightly and emotionally describe the signs of various diseases (oncology, severe kidney disease, liver or incurable infections), but in fact they are not detected.
Hypochondria is characteristic of emotional persons, easily inspired and influenced by the media. Basically, hypochondriacs are found among the elderly, although there may be teenagers, their psychological state is still unstable and they easily absorb negative and superfluous information. With the hypochondriacs are familiar to all doctors of polyclinics and hospitals, they for years undergo various examinations.
Both women and men suffer equally. Separately, hypochondria is allocated to young people associated with medicine. Usually a certain number of trained medical students "experience" almost all diseases from textbooks.
Many of the patients' complaints, of course, are overstated and excessive, but they can not control the manifestations of hypochondria in such people themselves (and this is the key difference between hypochondria from suspiciousness and usual anxiety about health).
The disease is more likely to affect patients:
People with problems in communication or sexual life (they are looking for problems in health). Promotes the development of hypochondria, the general availability of medical information, the appearance of sensational transmissions on the screens of new diseases, obsessive advertising of medicines.
A hidden hypochondriac in different periods of life can appear in any person, all have periods when it seems that the body is failing. But, in true hypochondriacs, this translates into a painful mania. There are three conditional forms of the disease:
People with an obsessive type can be described in approximately the following way:
An attack of hypochondria can arise from viewing advertisements of a medical nature, from an ambiguous doctor phrase.
With the overvalued form, manifestations are similar, but there are also very characteristic behavioral and psychic reactions:
Patients acutely and emotionally react to the slightest manifestations of physical discomfort or defect. Even such minor health problems as a runny nose are regarded as very serious.
Man makes incredible efforts to achieve ideal health, applies a variety of diets, tempers, takes many medications, vitamins or supplements. Such people often believe that they are misdiagnosed or do not want to be treated for the "existing disease", they often start litigation with clinics and doctors.
This kind of hypochondria can be a signal of impending psychopathy or schizophrenia.
The most severe form of hypochondria is delusional, with it can be:
Hypochondriacs are engaged in psychotherapists and doctors-psychiatrists. Treatment of hypochondria is determined by its appearance.
In addition, correction of abnormalities in the cerebral cortex and the establishment of physiologically correct connections between the cortex and the vegetative department of the nervous system are necessary. The basis of treatment is working with a psychotherapist and helping families and friends.
With neurotic disorders, the basis of treatment is tranquilizers or neuroleptics for the removal of neurotic manifestations.
With hypochondria of a depressive nature, antidepressants should be used (sertraline 50-100 mg / day, trazodone 150-300 mg / day or amitriptyline 150-300 mg / day, diazepam 5-15 mg / day).
For obsessive conditions - clomipramine 50-100 mg / day or fluoxetine 20-80 mg / day.
If it is a manifestation of schizophrenia, treatment with powerful neuroleptics is necessary. Do not exclude placement in the hospital. The whole process is controlled by a psychiatrist.
The use of traditional medicine works on the effect of "placebo", if the broths and infusions of herbs help the patient, they will be useful.
But, the main personality traits can not be fixed - exacerbations are possible. It is necessary to avoid viewing ads, programs about medicine and reading medical websites.